Prostate cancer is the most common cancer among men in the United States, affecting one in nine men in their lifetime. It is a serious disease that can have a profound impact on a man’s health and well-being.
Here are five important facts that every man needs to know about prostate cancer:
1. Prostate cancer is most common in older men.
The majority of prostate cancer cases are diagnosed in men over the age of 65. However, it is still possible for younger men to develop prostate cancer, so it’s important to be aware of the symptoms and to talk to your doctor about your risk factors.
2. Prostate cancer often has no symptoms in its early stages.
This can make it difficult to detect, which is why regular screenings are so important. Some of the symptoms of prostate cancer include difficulty urinating, blood in the urine or semen, and pain or discomfort in the pelvic area.
3. Family history and genetics play a role in the development of prostate cancer.
If a man has a father or brother who has been diagnosed with prostate cancer, his risk of developing the disease is two to three times higher than that of men without a family history of the disease.
4. There are different types of prostate cancer, and treatment options vary depending on the type and stage.
Some men may need surgery or radiation therapy, while others may be able to manage their cancer with active surveillance or hormone therapy. It’s important to discuss your treatment options with your doctor and make a decision that’s right for you.
5. Prostate cancer risk can be reduced with lifestyle changes.
Eating a healthy diet, getting regular exercise, and maintaining a healthy weight can all help to reduce your risk of developing prostate cancer. If you are at high risk for the disease, your doctor may also recommend additional screenings or medications.
The Importance of Prostate Cancer Screening
By understanding the facts about prostate cancer, men can take steps to reduce their risk and catch the disease early. Current screening guidelines are to get a baseline prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test in your 40s. Then, PSA tests should be done annually starting at age 50. It is usually recommended to have a digital rectal examination (DRE) annually. The results of the PSA and DRE can be combined to give you the most information about the health of your prostate. Early detection of prostate cancer is ciritcal in ensuring treatment is easier and the outcome is better.
If you have any symptoms of prostate cancer, be sure to talk to your doctor right away.
Don’t delay prostate cancer screening any longer – schedule an appointment today!